In 1963, a man in Nevsehir, a province in Turkey, was doing a little house remodeling. He decided to knock down a wall of his home for expansion purposes. He incidentally discovered a hidden room behind the wall with a slender hallway carved out of a stone below his home.
The hallway led to a cave-like room, which led to more hallways and cave-like rooms. Before he knew it, he had stumbled on to an entire underground city that was attached to his home.
The city was completely empty and abandoned but it had every amenity you would need to sustain a society.
What he stumbled upon is Derinkuyu in the underground city of Cappadocia.
The city at Derinkuyu was fully formed in the Byzantine era, when it was heavily used as protection from Muslim Arabs during the Arab–Byzantine wars.It was at this time that most of the chapels and Greek inscriptions were added.
The city was connected with other underground cities through miles of tunnels. Some artifacts discovered in these underground settlements belong to the Middle Byzantine Period, between the 5th and the 10th centuries AD.
These cities continued to be used by the Christian natives as protection from the Mongolian incursions of Timur in the 14th century.
Here is a small description of what these underground city look like:
- The ground is primarily made of ash and volcanic materials making it easy to excavate while still being very durable.
- No one was sure who first occupied the underground city however, it was certain that many groups have already occupied it over the centuries.
- Up to 11 floors at points that is accessible to the public, the city reaches depth of over to 280 feet below the surface.
- It has been speculated that there are over 18 floors that are yet to be discovered.
- The city connects to other cities in the area spreading miles that which will be able to sustain thousands of people at one time.
- The underground tunnels led to giant rooms that house schools, wine cellars, churches, gathering rooms, escape routes and waterwells.
- There are over 100 entrances to the underground cities but each and every one of them are hidden behind walls or bushes.
- The entrances and other important rooms were guarded with giant stone doors, they were hand-carved and weigh up to a thousand tons while some are over 5 feet in diameter.
- The Tunnels were dug very narrow so it will force people to walk through single file, this would give the people living in the underground cities an advantage against their enemies.
Woah! This Place is truly amazing and what’s more astounding is that this place is completely built by hand. To think that this place would have remained undiscovered if it wasn’t for one man who was remodeling his home, he knoocked down the wall and opened the door to a society completely hidden underground.
Here’s the most exciting part, 10% of the underground city is open to the Public!
After all, the world that we live in is truly amazing!